EMDR Therapy

Discover how EMDR therapy helps people transcend the impact of trauma and stress-related disorders by leveraging the brain’s natural healing processes by rewiring your brain’s neural networks that are no longer serving you. 

illustration depicting a person in a meditative pose with concentric circles and wave patterns radiating from the center, symbolizing the brainwave synchronization during EMDR Therapy.

What is EMDR Therapy?

Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) is a groundbreaking therapeutic modality that offers a unique approach to treating a wide range of issues, including trauma, anxiety disorders, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and others. EMDR involves guiding clients through bilateral eye movements while recalling traumatic or triggering experiences, a process thought to mimic the psychological state of Rapid Eye Movement (REM) sleep, aiding in the processing and integration of distressing memories.

Originally observed as a technique where certain eye movements decreased the intensity of disturbing thoughts, EMDR has evolved to include auditory or tactile stimulation, yet the core principle of using sensory input to aid in processing traumatic memories remains. Its effectiveness, especially in treating PTSD and other trauma-related disorders, is well-supported by scientific research and recognized by organizations such as the American Psychological Association (APA) and the World Health Organization (WHO). EMDR stands out in the therapeutic landscape for its ability to help the brain reprocess traumatic memories, facilitating a transition from distress to emotional resilience.

Through EMDR therapy, individuals can experience significant reductions in the symptoms of PTSD, often in fewer sessions compared to traditional talk therapy. It is an invaluable tool in modern therapeutic practice because it uses interventions that are intended to rewire the nervous system on an emotional, somatic level rather than a cognitive one. We cannot “think” our way out of trauma, we have to honor what happened, feel our way through it and move towards unburdening.

Check out the video below, published by the EMDR International Association, which is an excellent introduction and explanation of EMDR Therapy.

Introduction to EMDR Therapy

How does EMDR Therapy Work?

EMDR therapy unfolds through a structured 8-phase process, each step crucial to the therapeutic journey. Before walking you through the phases, we’ll jump forward to explaining one of the phases in more detail: Desensitization.

Desensitization Phase in EMDR Therapy:

During the desensitization phase of EMDR, the therapist facilitates the client’s processing of a targeted memory through a technique known as bilateral stimulation. This is a distinctive feature of EMDR and is crucial for its effectiveness.

What is Bilateral Stimulation?

Bilateral stimulation involves alternating stimulation of the left and right hemispheres of the brain. This is achieved through a series of guided eye movements, auditory tones, or tactile taps. The therapist might ask the client to follow their hand as it moves side to side, listen to tones that alternate between the left and right ear, or feel taps that alternate from left to right on the body.

The Process of Bilateral Stimulation:

Eye Movements: The most common form of bilateral stimulation, where the therapist moves their hand back and forth, and the client follows this movement with their eyes. It’s believed to mimic the natural eye movement patterns during REM sleep, facilitating the processing of emotional material.

Auditory Tones or Taps: For clients who may not be comfortable with or responsive to eye movements, auditory tones through headphones or gentle, rhythmic tapping on the hands or knees can be used. This alternation also stimulates the brain bilaterally.

Focus on the Memory: While engaging in bilateral stimulation, the client focuses on the specific traumatic memory, along with the emotions and body sensations associated with it. The therapist guides the client to notice what comes up without judgment or censorship.

Processing: As bilateral stimulation continues, clients often find that the emotional charge associated with the memory decreases. The memory starts to transform as the client processes it, leading to shifts in how it is experienced emotionally and physically.

This phase is critical in helping the client to desensitize the emotional impact of the memory, making it less distressing and more manageable. It’s a pivotal step in the EMDR process that allows for the transformation of the traumatic memory into one that no longer exerts the same negative hold over the individual’s emotional well-being.

The Eight Phases of EMDR Therapy

Now that you have a better understanding of what desensitization is in the context of EMDR Therapy, let’s take a look at how the entire 8-phase process unfolds.

Phase 1
Phase 1

History and Treatment Planning

The therapist assesses the client's history and identifies potential targets for EMDR processing, including distressing memories and current situations causing emotional distress.

Phase 2
Phase 2


The therapist establishes trust and explains the EMDR process, ensuring the client is comfortable and ready.

Phase 3
Phase 3


The client selects a specific memory to target, identifying the visual image related to the memory, negative beliefs about themselves, and related emotions and bodily sensations.

Phase 4
Phase 4


The therapist leads the client through bilateral stimulation using eye movements, sounds, or taps while the client focuses on the memory, leading to shifts in the emotions and physical sensations associated with the memory.

Phase 5
Phase 5


The client focuses on a positive belief while the therapist continues with the bilateral stimulation.

Phase 6
Phase 6

Body Scan

The client is asked to think of the target memory and notice any residual tension or uncomfortable sensations in the body, which are then targeted for further EMDR processing.

Phase 7
Phase 7


This phase ensures the client leaves each session feeling better than when they arrived, employing relaxation techniques if needed and increasing their window of tolerance.

Phase 8
Phase 8


At the beginning of each session, the therapist checks the client’s progress and decides on the next steps.

Who Can Benefit from EMDR Therapy?

EMDR therapy is a versatile treatment modality that can aid a wide range of individuals. While it is most renowned for its effectiveness in treating trauma and PTSD, its benefits extend to various other conditions:

PTSD and Trauma-Related Disorders

EMDR is particularly effective for those who have experienced traumatic events such as accidents, natural disasters, violence, or childhood trauma. It helps in processing and integrating these traumatic memories, reducing their ongoing impact.

Anxiety and Depression

EMDR therapy can be beneficial for individuals suffering from anxiety disorders, including generalized anxiety disorder, panic attacks, and phobias. It is also used to treat depression, especially when linked to past traumatic or distressing experiences.

Victims of Abuse or Neglect

Whether it’s childhood abuse, domestic violence, or emotional neglect, EMDR can help individuals process these painful experiences and foster healing.

Grief and Loss

EMDR can aid in the processing of grief and help individuals come to terms with their loss, whether it’s the death of a loved one, the end of a significant relationship, or any other form of loss.

Self-Esteem Issues

By addressing negative self-beliefs that stem from past experiences, EMDR can contribute to improving self-esteem and self-worth.

Phobias or Fears

EMDR therapy can be used to tackle specific fears or phobias, helping individuals to desensitize and reprocess their fear responses.

First Responders and Veterans

Those who have been exposed to traumatic events in the course of their work, like military personnel, police officers, firefighters, and emergency medical technicians, can find relief from symptoms of PTSD and other stress-related conditions through EMDR.


FAQs About EMDR Therapy

How effective is EMDR therapy?

EMDR therapy is widely recognized as an effective treatment, particularly for PTSD and trauma-related disorders. Its efficacy is supported by numerous studies and endorsed by organizations like the American Psychological Association and the World Health Organization.

What is the typical duration of EMDR therapy?

The duration varies depending on the individual and the complexity of their issues. EMDR therapy sessions typically last 50-60 minutes and clients can make progress within a minimum of 10-12 sessions. However, treatment often lasts longer depending on each person and can range anywhere from a few months to more than a year depending on numerous factors. This can be discussed in more with the therapist providing the treatement.

Can EMDR be used to treat conditions other than trauma and PTSD?

Yes, EMDR has been found effective in treating a variety of conditions including anxiety, depression, phobias, and stress-related issues.

Can EMDR be used to treat conditions other than trauma and PTSD?

Yes, EMDR has been found effective in treating a variety of conditions including anxiety, depression, phobias, and stress-related issues.

Is EMDR Right for You?

Deciding on the right style and approach to therapy for trauma, or any mental health-related issue, can be a challenging but significant step in your mental health journey. EMDR therapy has proven to be a powerful tool in addressing a range of psychological issues, particularly those rooted in trauma and adverse experiences. If you’re grappling with symptoms of PTSD, anxiety, depression, or other stress-related disorders, EMDR could offer a path toward healing and emotional resilience.

We encourage you to reach out to us to schedule a free consultation to find out how EMDR therapy can be tailored to your specific needs. You may also scroll down and complete the contact form below or click the link to self-schedule a consultation at your own pace. Either way, we look forward to connecting and learning more about your story.

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